353. How to have multiple lines in a cell of GtkTreeView - Part 1?

Problem

Suppose you would like to have multiple lines in a cell of a GtkTreeView as shown below:

How to have multiple lines in a cell of GtkTreeView - Part 1?


Solution

  • To have multiple lines in a cell of a treeview, simply use '\n' in the string when setting the contents of the corresponding cellrenderer.

Sample Code

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<?php
$window = new GtkWindow();
$window->set_size_request(400, 200);
$window->connect_simple('destroy', array('Gtk','main_quit'));
$window->add($vbox = new GtkVBox());

// display title
$title = new GtkLabel("Multiple lines in a cell of treeview - Part 1");
$title->modify_font(new PangoFontDescription("Times New Roman Italic 10"));
$title->modify_fg(Gtk::STATE_NORMAL, GdkColor::parse("#0000ff"));
$title->set_size_request(-1, 40);
$vbox->pack_start($title, 0, 0);
$vbox->pack_start(new GtkLabel(), 0, 0);

// the 2D table
$data = array(
array('row0', "item 42\nrow0 line2\nrow0 line3", 2, 3.1), // note 1
array('row1', "item 36\nrow1 line2", 20, 6.21), // note 1
array('row2', 'item 21', 8, 9.36),
array('row3', 'item 10', 11, 12.4),
array('row4', 'item 7', 5, 15.5),
array('row5', 'item 4', 17, 18.6),
array('row6', 'item 3', 20, 21.73));

display_table($vbox, $data);

$window->show_all();
Gtk::main();

function display_table($vbox, $data) {

    // Set up a scroll window
    $scrolled_win = new GtkScrolledWindow();
    $scrolled_win->set_policy( Gtk::POLICY_AUTOMATIC,
        Gtk::POLICY_AUTOMATIC);
    $vbox->pack_start($scrolled_win);

    // Creates the list store
    if (defined("GObject::TYPE_STRING")) {
        $model = new GtkListStore(GObject::TYPE_STRING, GObject::TYPE_STRING,
            GObject::TYPE_LONG, GObject::TYPE_DOUBLE);
    } else {
        $model = new GtkListStore(Gtk::TYPE_STRING, Gtk::TYPE_STRING,
            Gtk::TYPE_LONG, Gtk::TYPE_DOUBLE);
    }
    $field_header = array('Row #', 'Description', 'Qty', 'Price');
    $field_justification = array(0.0, 0.0, 0.5, 1.0);
    $field_size = array(60, 100, 60, 60);

    // Creates the view to display the list store
    $view = new GtkTreeView($model);
    $scrolled_win->add($view);

    // Creates the columns
    for ($col=0; $col<count($field_header); ++$col) {
        $cell_renderer = new GtkCellRendererText();
        $cell_renderer->set_property('xalign', $field_justification[$col]);
            $cell_renderer->set_fixed_size($field_size[$col], -1);
        $column = new GtkTreeViewColumn($field_header[$col],
            $cell_renderer, 'text', $col);
        $column->set_alignment($field_justification[$col]);
        $column->set_resizable(true);
        $cell_renderer->set_fixed_size($field_size[$col], -1);

        // set the header font and color
        $label = new GtkLabel($field_header[$col]);
        $label->modify_font(new PangoFontDescription("Arial Bold"));
        $label->modify_fg(Gtk::STATE_NORMAL, GdkColor::parse("#0000FF"));
        $column->set_widget($label);
        $label->show();

        // setup self-defined function to display alternate row color
        $column->set_cell_data_func($cell_renderer, "format_col", $col);
        $view->append_column($column);
    }

    // pupulates the data
    for ($row=0; $row<count($data); ++$row) {
        $values = array();
        for ($col=0; $col<count($data[$row]); ++$col) {
            $values[] = $data[$row][$col];
        }
        $model->append($values);
    }

    $selection = $view->get_selection();
    $selection->connect('changed', 'on_selection');
}

// self-defined function to format the price column
function format_col($column, $cell, $model, $iter, $col_num) {
    $path = $model->get_path($iter); // get the current path
    $row_num = $path[0]; // get the row number
    if ($col_num==3) {
        $amt = $model->get_value($iter, 3);
        $cell->set_property('text', '$'.number_format($amt,2));
    }
    $row_color = ($row_num%2==1) ? '#dddddd' : '#ffffff';
    $cell->set_property('cell-background', $row_color);
}

// the function that is called when user selects a row
function on_selection($selection) {
    list($model, $iter) = $selection->get_selected();
    $desc = $model->get_value($iter, 1);
    $qty = $model->get_value($iter, 2);
    $price = $model->get_value($iter, 3);
    print "You have selected $desc: $qty ($price)\n";
}

?>

Output

As shown above.